We focus on:
1. Vacuum forming of plastic materials, whereby a sheet of plastic is heated to a forming temperature, stretched onto or into a single-surface mould, and held against the mould by applying vacuum between the mould surface and the sheet.
2. Injection moulding, which is a manufacturing technique for making parts from plastic material. So as base material for such processing are used plastic granulate, pigment or eventually other materials influencing quality and design of desired product. Molten plastic is injected at high pressure into a mould, which is the inverse of the desired shape. Injection moulding machines hold the moulds in which the components are shaped. Presses are rated by tonnage, which expresses the amount of clamping force that the machine can generate. This pressure keeps the mould closed during the injection process. The mould is made from metal, usually either steel or aluminium, and precision-machined to form the features of the desired part.
This is widely used technology for processing plastic materials; from the smallest component to entire body panels of cars. It is the most common method of production, with some commonly made items including bottle caps and outdoor furniture. Traditionally, moulds can be very expensive to manufacture therefore they are usually only used in mass production where thousands of parts are being produced.